Age 9-11: Cultural Contributions - the Sciences

Unit 1: Botany

Activity: Define These Words
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Define These Words

Hundreds of years before Linnaeus created the Western system of plant classification, Ibn Baytar or Ibn Baitar (1197 – 1248 CE) developed a classification system for plants that was well known and highly regarded in the Islamic world. Ibn Baytar was interested in pharmaceutical herbs and flowers. He explored throughout Spain and Morocco, looking for new and unique medicinal herbs and flowers. He created a dictionary of 2000 herbs and flowers, explaining what they were and how they could be used. He wrote the information in Arabic, Greek, Berber, Latin, as well as in several local dialects. He wanted everyone to have this knowledge.

Find the meaning that best suits each of the bolded words in the paragraph.
  1. classification
  2. pharmaceutical
  3. medicinal
  4. Berber
  5. dialects

Activity: Researching Plants
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Researching Plants

Research the following plants and classify the plants into logical groups after you have completed the organizer. Explain your reasons for the group.

PlantPart of plant used Uses
ginger

jojoba

aloe vera

banana

Empress
candlestick

i) Logical groups (Add as many lines as needed)
  1. ___________, ___________, ____________

    because __________________________.

  2. ___________, ___________ , ____________

    because _______________________________________.

  3. ___________, ___________, ____________

    because _______________________________________.
Muslims were able to grow and cultivate everywhere from Spain to China. They could identify the right soil for specific plants, and they mastered grafting techniques.

Grafting processGrafting is when you attach a piece of one plant to another. The two pieces join and become one plant.

This is the grafting process

Grafted PlantThis is an example of a plant grown from grafting

A famous Muslim named Ibn Baytar (Baitar) (1197-1248 CE) created a classification system for plants. He was specifically interested in pharmaceutical herbs and flowers. He explored Spain and Morocco looking for new and unique medicinal herbs and flowers. He wrote his classification in Arabic, Greek, Berber, Latin and several local dialects.